Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that some women get during pregnancy. Between 2 and 10 percent of expectant mothers develop this condition, making it one of the most common health problems of pregnancy.
You will have a simple blood test to determine if you have gestational diabetes around week 24-28. The test will be either a Screening Glucose Challenge Test or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test.
Screening Glucose Challenge: you will drink a sugary beverage and have your blood glucose level checked an hour later. This test can be done at any time of the day. If the results are above normal, you may need to have an oral glucose tolerance test.
Oral Glucose Test: you will need to fast for at least 8 hours before the test. Your fasting blood glucose level will be checked before the test begins. Then you will drink a sugary beverage. Your blood glucose levels will be checked 1 hour, 2 hours, and possibly 3 hours later. Your doctor will use your test results to find out whether you have gestational diabetes.
If you test positive for gestational diabetes then it is very important to follow you doctor’s recommendations on how to treat the diabetes while pregnant. Usually you can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if necessary, taking medication. Controlling blood sugar can prevent a difficult birth and keep you and your baby healthy.
Click here for further information: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/gestational/