What is a fungal toenail?
Toenail fungus is in infection under the toenail that is caused by fungi. The nail becomes dark in color and can develop a bad scent. White spots can develop around the nails as well as thick debris under the toenail. If it is not taken care of it can spread to the skin and other toenails. Some toenails can become so thick that it is very difficult to trim and walk when wearing shoes.
People are more likely to catch fungi around damp areas such as swimming pools, showers, and locker rooms. There are cases where if there is trauma to the nail it is more vulnerable to getting a fungal infection. People with diseases such diabetes or who have circulatory problems are also more prone to fungal infections.
If you notice any discoloration, thickening or deformity you should see a podiatrist. The sooner you start treating the nail the greater the chance of getting rid of the fungus.
Treatments for fungal toenails may include laser, oral antifungals, and topicals.
- Change shoes and socks at least twice a day.
- Sanitize shoes with antifungal shoe spray every day.
- Wear water shoes when around pools and locker rooms.
- Dry feet thoroughly after showering.
- Sanitize toenail clippers.